Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Cardiology is a discipline of medicine that focuses on disorders with the heart and other components of the circulatory system. Congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease, and electrophysiology are all included in this field.

Cardiologists, a subspecialty of internal medicine, are doctors who specialize in this branch of medicine. Pediatric cardiologists are cardiology-focused physicians. Cardiothoracic surgeons, often known as cardiac surgeons, are general surgery specialists who specialize in cardiac surgery.

  • Track 1-1Congenital heart defects
  • Track 1-2Coronary artery disease
  • Track 1-3Heart failure
  • Track 1-4Valvular heart disease
  • Track 1-5Electrophysiology

An irregular heartbeat is known as a cardiac arrhythmia. When the electrical signals that coordinate the heart's beats don't work properly, heart rhythm disorders occur. The heart beats too rapidly (tachycardia), too slowly (bradycardia), or irregularly due to improper signaling.

To manage or remove fast, slow, or irregular heartbeats, medicines, catheter procedures, implanted devices, or surgery may be used. A heart-healthy lifestyle can aid in the prevention of cardiac damage that can lead to arrhythmias.


  • Track 2-1Tachycardia
  • Track 2-2Bradycardia
  • Track 2-3Supraventricular arrhythmias
  • Track 2-4Ventricular arrhythmias
  • Track 2-5Bradyarrhythmias

The heart or blood vessels are affected by this sort of sickness. Smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, a poor diet, lack of exercise, and obesity can all raise the risk of heart disease. Coronary artery disease (narrowed or blocked coronary arteries) is the most prevalent type of heart disease, and it can cause chest pain, heart attacks, and stroke.

Congestive heart failure, heart rhythm abnormalities, congenital heart disease (heart illness that develops at birth), and endocarditis are some of the other heart ailments (inflamed inner layer of the heart). 

  • Track 3-1Coronary Artery Disease
  • Track 3-2Heart Arrhythmias
  • Track 3-3Heart failure
  • Track 3-4Heart Valve Disease
  • Track 3-5Pericardial Disease
  • Track 3-6Cardiomyopathy
  • Track 3-7Congenital Heart Disease

Hypertension (high blood pressure) is a frequent disorder during which the blood's long-term force against the artery walls is high enough to supply health problems like heart condition. The quantity of blood your heart pumps, also because the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries, influence your vital sign.

The greater your vital sign, the more blood your heart pumps and therefore the narrower your arteries become. The measurement of vital sign is in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). High vital sign are often present for years without causing any symptoms. High vital sign that's uncontrolled raises your risk of serious health problems like attack and stroke. High vital sign, fortunately, is quickly identifiable.

  • Track 4-1Hypertension-overview
  • Track 4-2Hypertensive heart disease
  • Track 4-3Primary and secondary high blood pressure
  • Track 4-4High blood pressure treatments
  • Track 4-5High blood pressure medications

When the heart muscle doesn't pump blood also because it should, it causes coronary failure, also referred to as congestive coronary failure. When this happens, blood can back up within the lungs and fluid can build up, causing shortness of breath.

Certain cardiac disorders, like restricted arteries within the heart (coronary artery disease) or high vital sign, cause the heart to weaken or stiffen over time, making it unable to effectively fill and pump blood. Proper treatment can help some people live longer by reducing the signs and symptoms of heart failure. Losing weight, exercising, limiting salt (sodium) in your diet, and managing stress are all samples of lifestyle changes which will improve your quality of life. Heart failure, on the other hand, can be fatal. Heart failure can cause severe symptoms, and some people may require a heart transplant or a ventricular assist device (VAD).

Preventing and controlling conditions that might lead to heart failure, such as coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity, is one method of avoiding heart failure.

  • Track 5-1Atrial Fibrillation
  • Track 5-2Device Therapy
  • Track 5-3Chronic Heart Failure
  • Track 5-4Acute Heart Failure
  • Track 5-5Valvular Heart Disease
  • Track 5-6Acute Cardiac Care

Cardiac imaging is a diagnostic radiology specialization. A cardiac radiologist monitors or performs medical imaging and then interprets the results to identify heart disorders such as heart disease, leaky heart valves, and heart size and shape defects.

X-rays, ultrasound (echocardiograms), CT (computed tomography) scans, and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans are used by a cardiac radiologist

These tests are used to check for heart illness, figure out what's causing your symptoms, and keep track of your heart to see how well your treatment is working.

  • Track 6-1Artificial Intelligence
  • Track 6-2CT Imaging
  • Track 6-3CT Calcium Scoring Now Part of Guidelines
  • Track 6-4Important Cardiology Articles
  • Track 6-5New Cardiac CT scanner Technology
  • Track 6-6Advances in Spectral Imaging
  • Track 6-7Special Sessions for EP and Structural Heart

A myocardial infarction (often referred to as a heart attack) is a life-threatening disorder caused by a lack of blood supply to the heart muscle. Blood flow problems can be caused by a variety of things, but the most common reason is a blockage in one or more of your heart's arteries. The afflicted cardiac muscle will begin to die if there is no blood supply. A heart attack can result in irreversible cardiac damage and death if blood flow is not restored soon.

For the person and society, the phrase myocardial infarction has significant psychological and legal implications. It is a result measure in clinical trials and observational studies, and it is a sign of one of the world's most serious health concerns. Myocardial infarction can be described by a variety of clinical, electrocardiographic, biochemical, imaging, and pathological aspects from these viewpoints.

  • Track 7-1Percutaneous coronary intervention

Pulmonary heart disease, also known as cor pulmonale, is a condition in which the right ventricle of the heart enlarges and fails as a result of increased vascular resistance (such as pulmonic stenosis) or high blood pressure in the lungs. Right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) is the most common complication of chronic pulmonary heart disease, whereas dilatation is the most common complication of acute pulmonary heart disease.

A long-term rise in pressure causes hypertrophy, which is an adaptive reaction. Individual muscle cells thicken and alter in order to generate the increased contractile force needed to transport blood against greater resistance.

Coronary artery disease develops when the principal blood vessels in your heart become damaged or diseased. Inflammation and cholesterol-containing deposits (plaques) in your coronary arteries cause coronary artery disease.

The coronary arteries give blood, oxygen, and nourishment to your heart. The formation of plaque can narrow these arteries, limiting blood flow to the heart. Chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, and other signs and symptoms of coronary artery disease may develop as a result of reduced blood flow. A total blockage could trigger a heart attack.

Any disorder that affects the heart or blood vessels is referred to as "cardiovascular disease." It's often connected with fatty deposits in the arteries (atherosclerosis) and a higher risk of blood clots.

It's also been connected to arterial damage in brain, heart, kidney, and eye organs. CVD is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the UK, however it may often be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle.


In some crucial respects, women's experiences with heart disease differ from men's. Women are underdiagnosed, undertreated, and under supported in their recovery within the healthcare system. The physiology of women presents particular obstacles in the prevention and management of cardiac disease.

To enhance women's heart health, the healthcare system must recognize that women's hearts are unique and new understanding about women and heart disease must be converted into improved prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Women must also educate and empower themselves, as well as take personal responsibility for their heart health.


If other therapies haven't worked or aren't available, heart surgery may be the best option. Coronary artery bypass grafting is the most common type of adult heart surgery (CABG). CABG involves connecting or grafting a healthy artery or vein from the body to a blocked coronary artery.

Even though the outcomes are frequently excellent, heart surgery carries risks. Bleeding, infection, abnormal heartbeats, and stroke are all risks. If you're older or a woman, your chances are higher. Other diseases or disorders, such as diabetes, kidney disease, lung disease, or peripheral vascular disease, increase your risk.


Echocardiography is a painless diagnostic that uses sound waves to create moving images of your heart. The images represent the size and shape of your heart. They also show how your heart's chambers and valves are doing.

Due to a lack of blood supply or injury from a previous heart attack, echo can detect sections of the heart muscle that aren't contracting properly. Doppler ultrasonography is a sort of echo that indicates how well blood flows through your heart's chambers and valves. Possible blood clots inside the heart, fluid build-up in the pericardium (the sac surrounds the heart), and aortic issues can all be detected with an echo. The primary artery that transports oxygen-rich blood from your heart to your body is the aorta.

Clinical cardiology is a specialty of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disorders. Interventional cardiology, cardiac electrophysiology, echocardiography, and nuclear cardiology are all common specialties for cardiologists. When it comes to cardiac diseases, each of these specialty has its own set of techniques.

This session will have a big impact on cardiac research in the future. Cardiology is the study of heart diseases and disorders such coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure. Congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, vascular heart disease, and electrophysiology are all covered within clinical cardiology.

By providing their important clinical examples of late occurrence, cardiology case reports provide an ideal assemblage for all cardiologists. Clinicians, students, and paramedical staff members gain significant experience through studying medical cases.

Rare medical reports and conditions uncovered using cutting-edge examination techniques are supported. Furthermore, studying diagnostic procedures from medical cases and symptom interpretation is important for training and improving the processes employed in the clinical field.

Interventional cardiology is the main discipline of cardiology that relates to specialised catheter-based treatments for various structural heart diseases, as well as non-surgical procedures for treating cardiovascular illness. Catheters are thin, flexible tubes used by interventional cardiologists to repair damaged arteries or other cardiac components without the need for surgery.

Catheterization can be used to perform the most common procedures on the heart. It entails inserting a sheath into the femoral artery and cannulating the heart while seeing it on X-ray. Cardiac catheterization is a procedure that evaluates the function of the coronary arteries and heart valves.

Paediatric cardiology is concerned with cardiac disorders in children who are still growing and developing. In order to provide all-around patient care, paediatric cardiologists need a strong background in general paediatrics as well as knowledge in cardiac disease.

Congenital heart disease (existing at birth), arrhythmias (rhythmic irregularities in the heartbeat), and circulation problems are all treated by paediatric cardiologists. A physical examination with a stethoscope may be the first step in the initial assessment by the paediatric cardiologist, after which further extensive investigations may be recommended.


Cardiovascular pharmacology is concerned with the basic mechanics of cardiovascular cells as well as how medications affect the heart and vascular system.

Researchers use cutting-edge technologies like induced pluripotent stem cells, automated electrophysiology, and genomics to examine the causes of sudden cardiac death, congenital arrhythmias, and chemotherapeutic drug cardiac toxicity.

Cardiology is a branch of medicine that focuses on heart problems as well as other aspects of the circulatory system. Congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, heart valve disease, and electrophysiology are all covered in this field.

Cardiology is anticipated to continue to sub-specialize in order to achieve technical virtuosity and clinical perfection. This circumstance will exacerbate cost inflation and exacerbate the labour shortage initially.

Heart disease is treated with a variety of medications. It's crucial for persons with heart disease and those who care for them to understand their medications, read the labels, and be aware of any potential side effects.

Physical examination findings, interviews with the patient and his or her family, a patient's and family history, and clinical findings in laboratory and radiographic examinations are all used to make a medical diagnosis. Imaging techniques, surgery, electrophysiology, angiography, radiography, and other approaches can all be used to diagnose cardiac disease. Following a heart disease diagnosis, hospital treatment is essential.

Heart failure and death are caused by the heart's limited regeneration capacity. It's difficult for cardiac cells to recover once they've been diseased, similar to how your body would heal a wound. For researchers interested in creating and regenerating heart cells, studying how the heart develops in babies and then adults is a natural next step.

They're also looking into how stem cell-derived cardiac cells heal damaged hearts and whether they may be used to treat heart muscle problems.