Interventional Radiology also referred as Vascular and Interventional Radiology (VIR) is one of the medical specialties which gives minimally invasive diagnosis and treatment of diseases via imaging techniques. Several diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are involved in Interventional Radiology in order to the minimize risk to the patient. The abnormalities of the blood vessels, blocks in the liver, pathological examination of a tissue sample are done through imaging under the diagnostic approach. Several defects in the blood vessels, gallbladder, stomach/jejunum, are solved based on the therapeutic approach. The various therapeutic approaches are,
i. Vascular procedures which includes Balloon Angioplasty/Stent, Embolization, Thrombolysis, Dialysis, etc.
ii. Catheter placement procedure
iii. Ablative procedures
Broad ranges of procedures are carried out in Interventional Radiology by the application of image guidance.
- Track 1-1 â€¢ IVC filters
- Track 2-2 â€¢ Endovenous laser treatment
- Track 3-3 â€¢ Drainage Catheter Placement
- Track 4-4 â€¢ Radio embolization
- Track 5-5 â€¢ Radiofrequency ablation (RF/RFA)