Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death worldwide, claiming the lives of an estimated 17.9 million people per year. Coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular illness, rheumatic heart disease, and other heart and blood vessel problems are all classified as CVDs. Heart attacks and strokes account for more than four out of every five CVD deaths, with one-third of these deaths occurring before the age of 70.
A variety of laboratory tests and imaging examinations are used to diagnose cardiovascular disorders. The medical and family histories of the patient, risk factors, physical examination, and synchronisation of these findings with the results of tests and procedures are the most important aspects of diagnosis.