The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Cardiology is a branch of medicine which deals with disorders of the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system. This field encircles the medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Physicians who are expertise in this field of medicine are called cardiologists, a specialty of internal medicine. Physicians who are experienced in cardiac surgery are called cardiothoracic surgeons or cardiac surgeons, a specialty of general surgery.
- Track 1-1â€¢ Heart
- Track 1-2â€¢ Internal medicine
- Track 1-3â€¢ Circulatory system
- Track 1-4â€¢ Cardiac Surgeons
The heart is a vital organ within our body, pumping oxygen-rich blood to the parts that need oxygen, and oxygen-poor blood back towards the lungs. Considering the importance of the heart, there are different types of Cardiac specializations like Cardiology, Vascular surgery, Electrophysiology and Cardiac Surgery with different purposes to maintain the health of the heart.
- Track 2-1â€¢ Adult Cardiology
- Track 2-2â€¢ Pediatric Cardiology
- Track 2-3â€¢ Cardiac Electrophysiology
Cardio Geriatrics also known as Geriatric Cardiology is the branch of Cardiology and Geriatric medicine that deals with the Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) in elderly people. Cardiac and Vascular disorders such as Myocardial infarction, Peripheral arterial disease, Cardiomyopathy are the major causes of mortality in aged people. Cardio Geriatrics focuses on CVD in the elderly to reduce the morbidity rate which is accompanied by aging. The elderly people should be evaluated and treated based on the concept of comprehensive clinical approach.
- Track 3-1â€¢ Geriatrics
- Track 3-2â€¢ Coronary artery disease
- Track 3-3â€¢ Atherosclerosis
- Track 3-4â€¢ Heart failure
- Track 3-5â€¢ Arrhythmias
Congenital Heart Anomaly is a Congenital Heart Defect (CHD) or a congenital heart disease refers to the problem in the structure of heart from birth. Most congenital heart problems do not occur with diseases. Symptoms vary from none to life-threatening depending upon the specific type of problem. There may be different causes for CHD such as infections during pregnancy, parents being closely related, poor nutrition, etc. A number of genetic conditions including Down syndrome, Turner syndrome, Marfan syndrome are also associated with heart defects
- Track 4-1â€¢ Cyanotic heart defects
- Track 4-2â€¢ Non-cyanotic heart defects
- Track 4-3â€¢ Pregnancy infections
- Track 4-4â€¢ Rubella vaccination
Interventional treatments are preferred because they help diminish complications, the avoidance of scars and pain, speed up the recovery time along with long post-operative recovery. In addition the medication required for interventional treatment is less than that required for a conventional open surgery.
- Track 5-1â€¢ Palliative care
- Track 5-2â€¢ Catheterization
- Track 5-3â€¢ Artery
- Track 5-4â€¢ Angiography
Invasive Cardiology is one of the Cardiology treatments involving the introduction of instruments or other objects into the body or body cavities by puncture or a small incision. It is used to identify or treat structural or electrical abnormalities within the heart. Angioplasty and Stenting are the common types of Invasive Cardiology.
- Track 6-1â€¢ Valve replacement surgery
- Track 6-2â€¢ Arrhythmia ablation
- Track 6-3â€¢ Stenting
- Track 6-4â€¢ Anticoagulants
The technique which detects and treats heart problems without the utilization of needles, or different instruments inserted into the body is called as Non-Invasive Cardiology. This technique includes the investigation of Cardiovascular Disorders utilizing different sorts of imaging by means of various external tests. Non-invasive evaluation is recommended for patients with heart disease, valve disease, or chest pain. It is used to diagnose heart arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), coronary heart disease, and carry out follow- up checks after cardiac surgery, angioplasty and ablation.
- Track 7-1â€¢ Echocardiography (ECG)
- Track 7-2â€¢ Holter monitor / Heart monitor
- Track 7-3â€¢ CT scans
- Track 7-4â€¢ Exercise Tolerance Tests (ETT)
- Track 7-5â€¢ Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET)
A branch of Cardiology that specifically deals with a catheter based treatment, wherein a small flexible tube called catheter is used to repair damaged or weakened vessels, narrowed arteries or other parts of the heart structure which are affected is called Interventional Cardiology. Interventional techniques are one of the best non-surgical options to treat problems associated with the structure of heart. The main objective of Interventional Cardiology is to minimize the complications during the treatment and post-treatment period.
- Track 8-1â€¢ Angioplasty
- Track 8-2â€¢ Valvuloplasty
- Track 8-3â€¢ Pin-hole surgery
- Track 8-4â€¢ Congenital heart defect correction
- Track 8-5â€¢ Coronary thrombectomy
Catheterization is a medical procedure which involves the insertion of a thin hollow flexible tube called catheter into the body to treat diseases. Cardiac catheterization is technique which allows the access of heart through veins and arteries using a catheter. There is less risk of complications in Cardiac Catheterization where the patient will be awake, however medications would be given for relaxation.
- Track 9-1â€¢ Biopsy
- Track 9-2â€¢ Hemodynamic assessment
- Track 9-3â€¢ Heart valve problems
- Track 9-4â€¢ Allergic reactions
Heart and Vascular treatments are done by Interventional procedures with efficiency and with speedy recovery. Various treatments, therapies are performed based on the life style, medical history, symptoms to improve the health and reduce the risk of serious complications. Some of the major interventional treatments are,
i. Arrhythmia treatments
ii. Device implants
The main concern of Interventional Cardiology is to unblock or a repair a blood vessel that have been blocked due to various causes such as cholesterol, plaque.
- Track 10-1â€¢ Percutaneous coronary interventions
- Track 10-2â€¢ Carotid Interventions
- Track 10-3â€¢ Minimally Invasive Valve Repair
- Track 10-4â€¢ Aortic Valve Replacement
Interventional Radiology also referred as Vascular and Interventional Radiology (VIR) is one of the medical specialties which gives minimally invasive diagnosis and treatment of diseases via imaging techniques. Several diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are involved in Interventional Radiology in order to the minimize risk to the patient. The abnormalities of the blood vessels, blocks in the liver, pathological examination of a tissue sample are done through imaging under the diagnostic approach. Several defects in the blood vessels, gallbladder, stomach/jejunum, are solved based on the therapeutic approach. The various therapeutic approaches are,
i. Vascular procedures which includes Balloon Angioplasty/Stent, Embolization, Thrombolysis, Dialysis, etc.
ii. Catheter placement procedure
iii. Ablative procedures
Broad ranges of procedures are carried out in Interventional Radiology by the application of image guidance.
- Track 11-1â€¢ IVC filters
- Track 11-2â€¢ Endovenous laser treatment
- Track 11-3â€¢ Drainage Catheter Placement
- Track 11-4â€¢ Radio embolization
- Track 11-5â€¢ Radiofrequency ablation (RF/RFA)
Interventional Cardiology helped to reduce the number of open heart surgeries needed, thereby lowering the risks concerned to surgeries. The approach to treat Coronary Artery Disease has been revolutionized by the implantation of metallic stents. Stents have a number of benefits like relieving an obstruction, eliminate the potential for restenosis, optimize acute lumen gain, prevent early vessel recoil and limit the constrictive effect of late adverse vessel remodeling. The risk factors involved in treating Coronary Artery Disease, Myocardial Infarction, and unstable Angina have been remarkably reduced and it is observed in a prognostic computer model which is designed to predict the outcome in Interventional Cardiology.
- Track 12-1â€¢ Angina pectoris
- Track 12-2â€¢ Implantation technique
- Track 12-3â€¢ Dual Antiplatelet Therapy
General anesthesia is not required for most of the Interventional Cardiology procedures and can be done in very short time. Shortness of breath, chest pain is usually relieved quickly and effectively. Balloon Valvuloplasty is considered as the best suitable option for infants and children with congenital heart defects. Some of the risk factors associated with Interventional Cardiology procedure include,
i. Heart attack
iii. Kidney damage
iv. Blood clots
v. Bleeding at the catheter insertion site
vi. Heart rhythm problems
Interventional Cardiology procedures should be implemented only after deep consultation between the doctor and the patient after analyzing the medical history of the patient as it may not be suitable for all.
- Track 13-1â€¢ Percutaneous Therapy
- Track 13-2â€¢ Trans-catheter approach
Exciting advancements have been developed in the Interventional Cardiology Treatment procedures recently. Fractional Flow reserve (FFR) is a guide wire based procedure which is utilized to measure the blood pressure accurately and also to measure the blood flow through a specific part of the coronary artery. Stenting procedure has been modified from Bare Metal Stents to Drug-Eluting Stents and has advanced to Absorbable Stent. The Cardiac Imaging techniques has been upgraded especially in,
i. 3-Dimensional imaging of Echocardiography
ii. Computed Tomography
iii. Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Track 14-1â€¢ Lesions
- Track 14-2â€¢ Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation
- Track 14-3â€¢ Pediatric Cardiac Interventions
Permanent metallic Stents will be replaced by bio-resorbable stent and most of the cardiac cath lab procedures will be modified to non-coronary trans-catheter cardiac procedures by 2020. The minimally invasive endovascular surgery technique Atherectomy, for removing atherosclerosis from blood vessels within the body has replaced the conventional Angioplasty procedure. These advances will enhance operator performance, patient safety and assures the healthy life in a consistent pace.
- Track 15-1â€¢ CardioMEMS implantable heart failure monitor
- Track 15-2â€¢ Ventricular Assist Devices (VADs)
- Track 15-3â€¢ Intra-Arterial Shunt Device (IASD)